President John Mahama is running for a 2nd and final term against a backdrop of a slowing economy. A tight race is expected against opposition leader Nana Akufo-Addo. Ghana is held up as a beacon of democracy in West Africa with a track record of peaceful elections.
The country's dynamic economy was hit in 2014 due to lower prices for its gold, oil and cocoa exports. 275 parliamentary seats are also being contested in the election.