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Heart Failure - One of the Leading Causes of Death Worldwide

Heart Failure

Approximately 26 million people worldwide are living with heart failure. Nearly 290,000 people die from this condition each year. Heart failure doesn't mean that your heart has stopped working. The condition develops over the course of months or years. In heart failure, the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. Blood moves through the heart and body at a slower rate, which increases pressure in your heart.

Heart Failure Death Worldwide

Heart failure can occur in several ways. heart muscle become thin and weak and the heart becomes unable to pump blood with enough force. The heart muscles may also stiffen or thicken. It loses elasticity and cannot relax. As a result insufficient blood enters the heart chambers and not enough blood is pumped out into the body. Your body does not get enough blood, which causes fatigue. During heart failure, blood backs up waiting to enter your heart. This build up of blood causes fluids to leak out of your blood vessels.

Fluids accumulate in the lungs and tissues, causing congestion. Heart failure s also sometimes called as congestive heart failure. Leading causes of heart failure are diseases that damage the heart. Such as coronary heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure. Uncontrolled high blood pressure (hypertension) is a major cause of heart failure. In fact, about 75% of cases of heart failure start with hypertension.

Scientists are developing new drugs for heart failure. These drugs are used for the treatment of weak heart muscles. They also developed nano particles that can get rid of cholesterol plaques. Artery clearing devices can be used to treat blocked arteries. Patients with heart failure can have irregular heartbeats (too fast or slow). Without proper treatment, this can cause sudden cardiac arrest.

Devices such as pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators are used to help regulate the heart beating action. These devices use electrical pulses to correct irregular heart rhythms. Another solution for heart failure is mechanical heart pumps. These artificial pumps help improve pumping action of the heart. In severe cases, heart transplant may also be recommended, if a healthy heart from a donor is available.

Another solution is the use of artificial hearts designed for permanent implantation. Only available for patients who are not eligible for heart transplant. And who are not expected to live more than a month without medical treatment.