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Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Eleanor Roosevelt with the Spanish language version of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

  • The idea for the protection for human rights and fundamental freedoms was conceived in the Atlantic Charter (1941) and in the Declaration of the United Nations (1942).
  • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in 1948 with an aim to enumerate human rights for all the people. The UDHR has inspired a rich body of legally binding international human rights treaties. It continues to be an inspiration to all whether in addressing injustices, in times of conflicts and in our efforts towards achieving universal enjoyment of human rights.
  • The Preamble of the Universal Declaration proclaims the declaration as a common standard of achievement of all people and all nations.
  • The Universal Declaration contains 30 Articles. It enumerate the basic principles of human rights in a most comprehensive manner. Out of 30 articles, while 21 articles enumerated civil and political rights, 6 articles cover economic and social rights.
  • It is to be noted that the Universal Declaration does not permit a state to derogate from their obligations in public emergency which threatens the life of the nation. Thus even in such cases the rights cannot be suspended. 

Human Rights Day is celebrated annually across the world on 10 December every year