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Functions Of Liver

Functions Of Liver

  • Bile juice secreted by liver contains bile salts (glycocholate and taurocholate of Sodium and Potassium) and they emulsify fats during digestion.
  • Liver plays an important role in carbohydrate metabolism (glycogenesis, glycogenolysis, gluconeogenesis, lipogenesis), fat metabolism (formation of cholesterol, triglycerides) etc.,
  • Deamination of proteins and conversion of ammonia into urea via ornithine cycle takes place in liver.
  • The lactic acid formed in muscle contraction is converted to glycogen in liver (Cori cycle). 
  • Liver acts a detoxifying organ.
  • Liver acts as thermoregulatory organ.
  • In embryonic state, liver acts as a haemopoitic organ.
  • Liver synthesises the plasma proteins (albumins, globulins); blood clotting factors (fibrinogen, prothrombin), anticoagulant (heparin) etc.,
  • Kuper cells acts as macrophases and engulf harmful microbes by phgocytosis.


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